Friday, May 25, 2012

Thyroid - Symptoms and Treatment

Thyroid is the most common disorder of the endocrine glands. It is the gland which secretes hormones. The disease is a condition in which the body produces excess thyroid hormones.

May 25 is observed as the World Thyroid Day. An estimated 200 million individuals worldwide have a thyroid disorder. Let us know something about the thyroid glands on the eve of it.

Symptoms –
Swellings in the neck with pain and swollen lymph nodules, rough voice, trouble in breathing and swallowing are the symptoms of Thyroid.

The other symptoms are - Weight loss despite a good appetite, increase in heart rate, high blood pressure, nervousness, increased sweating, shorter menstrual periods, frequent bowel movements, trembling hands etc.

Weight gain or failure to lose weight despite a proper weight loss system, lethargy, reduced heart rate, increased cold sensitivity, deadness in hands, dry skin and hair, heavy menstrual periods and constipation are also the symptoms of Thyroid gland malfunction.

Treatment –

Treatment for Thyroid is the surgery to remove the gland fully or a part of it along with radioactive iodine therapy.

Iodine and Selenium are very important for the proper functioning of thyroid. So use only iodized salt and eat enough of seafood, spinach, sesame seeds, garlic for iodine as a precaution to the disease.

For selenium, meat, fish, mushrooms, soybeans and sunflower seeds should be eaten.

Stress is also a symptom of improper functioning of the thyroid gland leading to thyroid disease. So, take some time out and relax for the thyroid’s sake.

In case of hypothyroid, thyroid hormone pills should be taken with physician’s advice. There is no instant ‘cure’ for thyroid problems and in case of ‘hyperthyroid’ anti-thyroid medications and other drugs must be taken to reduce symptoms like increased heart rate and tremors.

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